1. C

    What makes an EQ have a 3D sound?

    I often hear people describing the sound of a paramatric EQ having that unique 3D sound. What is that all about?
  2. Mpumelelo von Mumhanzi

    Mastering podcasts

    When you are mastering your own podcasts, your buddies' podcasts, or whatever, make sure you've got an average or integrated loudness of -14 LUFS and you've got your audio software brickwall limiter plug-in ceiling output set at -3 dBFS. It's best to stay within this range when mastering in...
  3. S

    What is the best way to improve mixing and mastering skills?

    Are there shortcuts or a fast-track process of rapidly improving mixing and mastering skills for music? I want to be able to do some gigs on Fiverr for passive income. Any tips and hints?
  4. S

    How many digital equalizers are enough?

    I am sorry if this is a real noob question. But the sheer number of digital equalizers is so overwhelming. Is hoarding a natural part of music production? What about if you opt to only use one digital equalizer does that cover all bases in either mixing or mastering?
  5. S

    What is the difference between +4dBu and -10dBV?

    Can you tell me what the difference is between +4dBu and -10dBV?
  6. T

    Is it okay to master in the same project or start a new one

    When you have finished working on a record. Is it best to master the tune in the same project or to render it to a WAV file and then start a separate project session for mastering?
  7. Mpumelelo von Mumhanzi

    What is a parametric equalizer?

    A parametric equalizer (EQ) is like a sculptor's tool for shaping sound. Just as a sculptor uses different tools to shape a block of wood into a specific form, a parametric EQ allows a record producer or a sound engineer to adjust specific frequencies of an instrument in order to shape it into...
  8. Mpumelelo von Mumhanzi

    What is a soft clipper?

    A soft clipper is a type of audio signal processing effect that limits the amplitude of an input signal. It does this by gradually reducing the level of the source material as it approaches the maximum level that the clipper is set to e.g., 0 dBFS or -1 dBFS. This helps to prevent the audio...
  9. Mpumelelo von Mumhanzi

    How do you use two limiters in mastering?

    The use of two brickwall maximizers in audio mastering is known as double or serial limiting. How you use this technique is you carefully chop off the transients. You set the first mastering limiter's recovery (or release time) to be fast. The second brickwall limiter's recovery time has got to...
  10. Mpumelelo von Mumhanzi

    What are plug-ins in music software?

    An audio plug-in is 3rd party software program that can be added to a digital audio workstation (DAW) to extend its native library. These digital audio extensions are often used as effects, such as audio analyzers, reverb, delay, chorus, compression, and EQ, to correct or enhance sound...
  11. Mpumelelo von Mumhanzi

    Filter orders explained

    In the audio realm, "filter order" is synonymous with "filter pole". Both terms are interchangeable with one another. Order Pole Alternative name 1st 1-pole 6 decibels per octave filter 2nd 2-pole 12 decibels per octave filter 3rd 3-pole 18 decibels per octave filter 4th 4-pole 24...
  12. Mpumelelo von Mumhanzi

    What is audio mixing and mastering?

    Audio mixing (or just "mixing" in short) is one of the stages in music production. It has no blueprint because every song is, well, different. Hence, people called "mixers" in the music industry must adhere to rigorous turnaround times during this stage. Any further delay in fiddling with...
  13. M

    What is better: EQ before compression or vice versa?

    Whether you are recording, mixing, or mastering I am kinda wondering, when should you use parametric EQ before compression and when is it best to use compression before EQ.
  14. Tafadzwa Twabam

    What is the difference between Waves RBass and MaxxBass?

    I know both are bass enhancement plug-ins but what's the underlying difference between Waves Audio Renaissance Bass and MaxxBass? And which one is better between the two, particularly for audio mastering?
  15. Sekuru Dhorofiya

    What is easier to learn: mixing music or audio mastering?

    Hi y'all, the title says it all, doesn't it? Of course, I'd assume both stages can be challenging but I want an overview and that is to say what is easier to learn: music mixing or audio mastering?
  16. Mpumelelo von Mumhanzi

    How to create an automation clip in Image-Line's FL Studio DAW

    The way in which you create an automation clip within Image-Line's FL Studio DAW depends on whether the software plug-in you want to automate is a native or a third-party VST effect or instrument. Step 1: Load a native effect or instrument that comes with FL Studio. For this example, I have...
  17. C

    Some parametric equalizers have frequencies above 20 kHz why?

    What is the purpose of audio mastering parametric equalizers having frequency options over 20 kHz? In reality, most humans can only discern sound in the 20 Hz to 20 kHz range.
  18. Tafadzwa Twabam

    Dual-mono unlinked limiting and stereo wideners?

    Is fully dual-mono unlinked limiting better than using stereo enhancers to achieve a fairly wide sound?
  19. C

    Ghost audio mixing or mastering?

    Everybody and their mama know very well that in the music business there is a practice of singers and rappers using ghostwriters and also record producers who go about utilizing the services offered by some ghost producers. My question is how prevalent is ghost audio mixing or mastering and can...
  20. C

    Sampling rates and Image-Line's FL Studio DAW

    What is the best sample rate to use in Image-Line's FL Studio DAW across the board; I mean either for tracking (i.e., recording), production, sound mixing, or for audio mastering.