mhondoro​


means a tutelary spirit of a dead prominent ancestor (or a progenitor) that gets to be hosted by a svikiro (i.e., a living person who plays the role of being a medium by bridging the gap between people who are still alive and those who have passed on).

mudzimu​


means the spirit of a dead ancestor in your family e.g. your great-grandparent or your great-great-great whatever; however, this should not be misconstrued with a "foreign spirit" aka shavi or shave e.g., njuzu, etc.

Note: The difference between mhondoro and mudzimu is that the latter is mostly concerned about the welfare of its immediate family whilst the former being more pre-eminent is concerned about the welfare of the entire tribe who share the totem (mutupo) of the same lineage.

Conclusion​

Below are other related terms you may come across:

chiShonaEnglish
Midzimu yemushaAncestral family spirits
Midzimu yedunhuAncestral district spirits
Midzimu yedzinzaTribal spirits
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